Been eating and drinking too much while on holiday? Here’s how to deal with holiday ailments that can result from over-indulging:
Most cases of fever resolve themselves when you take paracetamol to relieve fever and pain. However, do see a doctor if your body temperature rises to 41 degrees Celsius and lasts more than three days. Prompt medical attention is recommended, especially if you have severe throat pain and are unable to swallow, or if your gums bleed and rashes appear.
Children six months to six years old may have seizures with fever of 39°C and higher. For those one year and older, give either ibuprofen or suppository diclofenac if fever remains high one to two hours after taking paracetamol. Sponge the child with tepid water to bring down the fever. If the child shivers, cover him with a towel and wait a while before resuming the sponging.
2) Cough And Cold
Adults with cough or cold may take an antihistamine such as Zyrtec-D for runny nose, lozenges for sore throat and cough mixture for cough. Drink plenty of fresh fruit juices and take Vitamin C.
3) Diarrhoea And Vomiting
Charcoal tablets can stop diarrhoea and reduce gas. Take loperamide/Lomotil for severe diarrhoea, and an anti-nausea pill such as Maxalon for vomiting. Prevent dehydration by drinking plenty of fluids and drinks containing electrolytes.
There is no need to be alarmed if you experience heartburn or a mild pain in the middle of the chest. Heartburn may be caused by lying down after a full meal. This is likely to cause stomach acids to flow backwards into the oesophagus causing pain. You can take an antiacid such as Pepto-bismol or Tums and go for a walk.
5) Heart Attack
Seek medical attention immediately if you have crushing chest pain and experience other symptoms such as sweating, pain going down the arm, up the jaw or back, dizziness or fainting spells.
Swelling lips or raised, red itchy spots on the skin may be an allergic reaction to seafood. Take an antihistamine such as Piriton, Loratadine or Zyrtec. Go to the hospital if you experience a swelling of the eyelids, hoarseness of voice or difficulty in breathing.
Smoking after eating fatty foods causes indigestion, a bloated abdomen or stomach discomfort. Antacids may be taken to provide relief. However, if the discomfort does not improve or worsens, seek medical help as the pain may be a symptom of a more serious condition.
The tips outlined above may save you a trip to the hospital. However, prevention is the best measure. Exercise discretion and moderation when eating and drinking while on holiday.